Why do teeth need regular cleaning by a dental professional? The oral environment is exposed to many bacteria, and at least 30 types can cause tooth and gum problems. Bacteria that live in the mouth thrive on foods containing carbohydrates. These bacteria produce toxins which irritate the gums, and they produce acids which destroy tooth enamel and result in tooth decay and destruction of the bone support below the gums.
One of the first signs of bacterial presence is the formation of plaque, which is the sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Plaque is soft, but with time it hardens and becomes calculus. Another early sign of bacterial presence is bleeding gums (gingivitis)–seen when you brush or floss. Healthy gums generally do not bleed.
A professional cleaning, usually done twice per year, will remove the soft plaque deposits in hard to reach areas and the hardened deposits which are not removable by a brush or floss. If these deposits are not removed, over time they will lead to decay and more serious gum disease.
Our hygienists have various techniques to make your cleaning experience a comfortable one.